Helping science succeed
Helping science succeed

The Open Scholarship Initiative

Working together on the future of science


OSI participants, alumni and observers are the largest group of high-level leaders ever assembled to work together on the future of open scholarship—over 450 in all. Our focus on bringing together high-level leaders has resulted in OSI developing an incredibly substantive knowledge base. This approach has also given thought leaders in this space the resources and connections they need to develop better open tools and policies.


OSI participants, alumni and observers represent over 250 key research and publishing institutions, 32 countries, and 18 different stakeholder groups in research, from researchers to universities, libraries, funders, governments, advocacy groups, and more. All perspectives are not only welcome in this group, they are needed to develop open solutions that work for everyone everywhere. OSI is the only group in the world that has taken this approach at scale for such a long time.


The work of this group has focused mostly on open access, but has also encompassed a broad variety of related issues, from open science to peer review, predatory publishing, impact factors and much more. There can be no solutions to any of these issues without a broad and complete understanding of how they are all related and entangled.


OSI recognizes—and indeed, embraces—the fact that there are many different definitions of open, that researchers have many different needs for open solutions and a variety of motives, and that the ability of countries and institutions around the world to implement open policy solutions varies widely. OSI’s main recommendations are to focus on policy solutions that are broad and achievable, based in evidence, and built on common ground, not ideology. Ideologically grounded solutions have decreased global equity in research, increased costs, consolidated power, and failed to capitalize on the full potential of open.

OSI Milestones

OSI concept development (2014-15)100%
OSI2016 issue discovery100%
OSI2017 solutions discovery100%
OSI2018 action plan formulation100%
OSI2018-19 action plan rollout100%
OSI2020-25 global actions50%


Why OSI, and why now?

Around 4 million research articles are published every year in perhaps as many as 90,000 different academic journals. These articles form a critically important foundation of knowledge. Today, rapid changes in publishing–both good and bad—combined with ever-present “publish or perish” pressures in academia are making it increasingly difficult to ensure the accuracy of all this work, keep track of it all, and maintain equitable access to the knowledge being created. OSI manages a global perspective on the rapidly evolving landscape of scholarly communication reform, and is working with partners in this space to help build a future that realizes the full potential of the open movement for everyone everywhere.


Equitable & inclusive

  • All groups and stakeholders
  • All regions and countries
  • All fields and disciplines
  • All perspectives on "open"

Broad focus

  • Improve incentives
  • Rethink peer review
  • Undo impact factors
  • Stamp out fraud

Follow the evidence

  • No open ideology
  • Understand what works
  • No unintended consequences
  • Understand what researchers need

Work together on common ground

  • New Ideas
  • Faster discovery
  • Big goals
  • More efficient spending
Participants, Observers & Alumni
Stakeholder groups

News & Reports

OSI summit teams map out action plan

During 2018 and 2019, OSI's summit group (led by Scott Plutchak in 2018) developed a strong plan for moving OSI beyond its initial deliberation phase...

OSI Brief: Deceptive publishing

Deceptive publishing (also known as predatory publishing) has been a growing problem in scholarly publishing for years now. What do we know about it? What...

Plan S & the quest for global open access

Plan S is an ambitious, EU-based effort attempting to accelerate the global transition to open access. While this plan isn’t the only one trying to...

Introduction to the OSI Policy Perspective series

This report on Plan S and the future of global solutions to open is the first in a series of reports that will attempt to...

OSI Brief: What do we mean by “open”?

While the word “open” has become ubiquitous in discussions around providing greater access to scholarship, there is no generally accepted definition of the term that...

OSI Brief: How fast is open growing?

How many of the world’s research articles can be read for free by anyone anywhere? This “opening” of the scholarly record is a herculean task...

An overview of the Plan S debate

‘Plan S’ sets out ten principles, many of which have been foreshadowed in previous policy documents and developments. Nevertheless, when taken together they represent a...

Plan S explained

Open scholar and journalist Richard Poynder recently published an interview with Robert-Jans Smits, the Open Access Envoy of the European Commission and architect of Plan...

Key themes from SciELO at 20

Last week, ScieELO celebrated its 20th anniversary by hosting more than 600 leaders from across scholarly communication (including 10 from OSI) to discuss the current...

10 years on and where are we at? COASP 2018

Last week, the 10th Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing (COASP) was held in Vienna. Much was covered over the two and a half days....

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